Health issues in Nigeria-

In the past year, the seriousness of the healthcare system in Nigeria has come to the light. Besides the continuing neglect of the importance of addressing public health problems would make the matter worse for poor Nigerians most of the World Health Organization are at the receiving end. There are multiple actions taken towards the steps to improve healthcare in Nigeria like scientific information sources, internet search engines, direct observation, and relevant documents from the Nigerian Ministry of Health.

The main health challenges Nigeria faces are infectious diseases, management of vector diseases, maternal mortality, fatality rate, poor sanitation and hygiene, illness police investigation, non-communicable diseases and road traffic injuries etcetera. Nigeria is presently operating towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Despite the cooperative efforts of the Nigerian Government, Donor Agencies, Associate in Nursing NGOs to supply an economical and effective health provision in Nigeria.

8 Most common health issues in Nigeria-

1. Lower respiratory infections-

Let’s understand the effect of Lower respiratory infections in Nigeria’s health care system. The study of acute lower metabolism infections (ALRI), given implications of socio-economic and family risk factors, was examined in 103 hospitalized pre-school Nigerian youngsters. cardinal (77%) people were doubtless exposed to the combustion product of fuel stoves, sixteen (16%) to wood smoke, and 5 (5%) to the product of preparation gas combustion. solely seventeen subjects (17%) were exposed to family coffin nail smoke. 

2. Neonatal disorders.

It has also caused heavy damage to the young aged people of Nigeria. The Neonatal mortality disorder rate in Nigeria was 35.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. This was the most common cause of death among kids aged under 5 in African nations. Neonatal disorders attack the organs of a newborn and disturb the normal state of their body and make it function abnormally.


The HIV/AIDS pandemic has a control on labor supply, through redoubled mortality and morbidity. This can be combined with the loss of skills in key sectors of the labor market. … within the South African health care sector two-hundredth of student nurses are HIV positive. It is shocking to know that the health care in Nigeria is so poor that it is declared as the zone with the highest prevalence of HIV(3.1%)

4. Malaria

The geographic location of the Federal Republic of Nigeria makes an appropriate climate for protozoal infection transmission throughout the country and it’s all year spherical in most parts of the country. the foremost current Plasmodium vivax species is Plasmodium falciparum (>95%) and it’s answerable for most varieties of severe sickness and Malaria is one of them.

5. Diarrheal diseases.

Diarrheal diseases were the third leading reason behind the death of kids younger than five in 2017 associate degree has become an increasing burden in individuals aged seventy and over. The best mortality from unconstipated diseases is in geographical areas and South Asia.

Diarrhea diseases square measure among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in under-five-children (U-5C) in the African nations.  

6. Tuberculosis.

health care in nigeria

Nigeria comes third after solely Asian countries and China in terms of infectious disease cases. Sadly Every year, around 245,000 Nigerians die from infectious disease (TB) and 590,000 new cases occur (of these, around 140,000 are HIV-positive). TB accounts for quite 100 percent of all deaths in Nigeria.

7. Meningitis.


Meningococcal infectious disease is primarily caused by Neisseria Meningitis microorganism transmitted from person to person through infected air droplets, saliva, or metabolic process secretions. The infection spreads simply once an associate infected person comes into shut proximity or has long run contact with others

8. ischemic heart disease.

Atherosclerosis is that the most typical explanation for heart disease anemia blood clots. The plaques that develop in arterial sclerosis will rupture, inflicting blood. The clot may block the associate artery and cause abrupt, severe heart muscle anemia, leading to coronary failure. ischaemic heart diseases and cardiomyopathies were still found to contribute <1% of the CVD burden in Nigeria throughout the amount under review.

“These were the common health problems Nigeria is facing aside from Covid-19. We tend to square measure tuned in to the actual fact that Nigeria’s health care system has been stratified the worst within the world, it’s stratified 142nd out of 195 countries. however, we are able to still work to boost it. within the weblog, I’ve shared the foremost common diseases that cause a high death rate in Nigeria. therefore all you have got to try and do is follow some straightforward steps and stop these diseases-

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.

  • Cook your Food Safely.
  • Wash hands properly.
  • Clean & make clean unremarkably Used Surfaces of your home.
  • Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve.
  • Never Share Personal things.
  • Get Vaccinated.
  • Avoid Touching Wild Animals or sanitize your hands later on.
  • keep Home when Sick.

If you want to know more about health-related issues in Nigeria read our other blogs”