The problems of maternal and child health services in Nigeria-

Maternal Mortality

In Nigeria, Maternal Mortality and child health services give care to only a small population, who are mostly those living within the urban areas. Over 85% of the population lives in rural areas wherever medical facilities and coverage are lacking. As a consequence, the maternal and mortality rates for Nigeria as an entire stay terribly high. 

The issues facing Nigeria involve the inadequate provision of trained medical and paramedical personnel and therefore the inefficient utilization by the community of the services provided. In a very study performed in an urban center in 1970, the inefficient use of services was incontestable by the very fact that though 53% of a sample of 526 unwell kids were seen at the Casualty Department of the Teaching Hospital among a pair of days of the onset of their sickness,12% of them wasn’t seen till 2-3 weeks had marched on since the onset of their sickness.

With the high mortality rate of over 150 deaths/1000 live births that still exists within the rural areas, mothers are unlikely to just accept planning on its own as a fascinating contribution to the development of their health and their family’s health. 

The maternal death rate in Nigeria- 

The maternal mortality quantitative relation (MMR) in low-and-middle-income countries is dire, with thirty-fourth of world maternal deaths occurring in Nigeria and the Republic of India alone. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), the MMR of Nigeria is 814 (per a hundred,000 live births). The period of time risk of a Nigerian girl dying throughout physiological condition, childbirth, postnatal or post-abortion is one in twenty-two, in distinction to the period of time risk in developed countries calculable at one in 4900. Current proof suggests that the high rate of maternal and death rate in Nigeria is linked to the 3 types of maternal delay planned by Thaddeus and Marine. 

These barriers embody delay in creating the choice to seek maternal health care; delay in locating and inbound at a medical facility, and delay in receiving practiced physiological condition care once the lady gets to the sanatorium.

Causes of maternal mortality rate in Nigeria-

The maternal mortality rate in Nigeria remains a significant risk for ladies of childbearing age in Nigeria. In 2008, Nigeria bore 14 July of the worldwide burden of maternal mortality. The national maternal mortality quantitative relation has remained elevated despite efforts to scale back maternal deaths. Although health disparities exist between the North and South of Nigeria, there’s a lack of proof on the estimates and determinants of maternal mortality rate in Nigeria for these regions.

The birth rate in Nigeria-

It would be shocking to know that the childbirth rate in Nigeria is Ultralow. The current total for kids under the age of five stands at nearly thirty-one million whereas annually a minimum of seven million babies are born. whereas a touch over one in 3 of Nigeria’s whole population lives below the poverty level, among kids this proportion surges to seventy-five p.c.

36.855 births per 1000 individuals-

The current birth rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 36.1855 births per 1000 individuals, a 1.11% decline from 2020. The birth rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 37.269 births per thousand individuals, a 1.1% decline from 2019. The birth rate for Nigeria in 2019 was thirty-seven. 684 births per thousand individuals, a 1.09% decline from 2018.

Effect of Maternal Mortality –

As antecedently noted, this outline isn’t a comprehensive review of the analysis on this issue, however, it highlights many consequences of maternal mortality rate in Nigeria for kids that were given at the workshop, as well as inflated mortality risk, attenuates nutrition, and attenuated schooling.

To avoid maternal deaths, it’s additionally important to stop unwanted pregnancies. All women, as well as adolescents, would like access to birth control, safe abortion services to the total extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care.

Prevention of maternal mortality in Nigeria-

To avoid maternal deaths, it’s additionally important to stop unwanted pregnancies. All women, as well as adolescents, would like access to birth control, safe abortion services to the total extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care.

Maternal health is an important subject with huge international and economic implications within the lifetime of humans. making certain the continuity of populations is important. The health of a girl throughout physiological condition, childbirth, and among the weeks once accouchement is crucial to confirm the adequate prosperity of the house and family particularly in matters concerning accouchement, childcare, breastfeeding, home care, etc. 

Fruitful health is outlined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not simply the absence of unwellness or bad condition, all told matters concerning the genital system and its functions and processes.

The interference of maternal mortality and ensuant improvement within the maternal health of Nigerian ladies is an across-the-board task, that although tedious; is possible through combined efforts of health care suppliers, members of the society, and government as an entire. There’s an existing relationship between these above-stated factors that are clear in poor government health and socio-economic expenditures needed to confirm the health and well-being of a public whose health-seeking behaviors are poor either as a result of poorness, cultural beliefs, etc. 

The unhealthy cultural habits and lifestyles-

This, in turn, leads to decreasing health indices and within the case of this paper: higher numbers of maternal mortality. there’s, therefore, the requirement of implementing actions that may improve a well-rounded commitment of presidency (through policies, funding, etc.); the society (through improved health-seeking behaviors, amendment of unhealthy cultural habits and lifestyles, etc.) and health care suppliers (through the availability of quality and effective health care services.

This illustration of maternal mortality (which is an event) in terms of medical specialty is best represented by the epidemiologic triad to indicate the varied risk factors that interact in inflicting this unhealthiness.


It cannot be denied that the health services in Nigeria are very poor. But what’s more disheartening is that the government officials are not focusing on it at all. Maternal health in Nigeria has the same story and thus the mothers and newborns are suffering. The maternal and mortality rates for Nigeria as an entire state stay terribly high. In order to stop this suffering, you need to speak up and take action against this crisis. 

MERCK for mothers- Join the maternal health movement in Nigeria. Post your story and share your ideas about how to help mothers survive and thrive. Ask questions, take consultations, support motherhood. 

Or you can also check our HopeAlive projects.

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